A vulnerability in certain D-Link smart switches can be exploited by remote attackers to access log and configuration files without any authentication credentials, researchers claim.
Independent security researcher Varang Amin and Aditya Sood, chief architect at Elastica’s Cloud Threat Labs, reported discovering a flaw in DGS-1210 Series Gigabit Smart Switches from D-Link.
According to the experts, these types of switches can be configured to store backup files, including logs, firmware and configuration files, on a web server or in the device’s flash memory. The problem is that there are no proper authorization and authentication controls, allowing an attacker to access the backup files found both on the flash memory and the web server. Sood and Amin have pointed out that the web server’s root directory is easily accessible.
“Usually, when the backup option is selected, the log files and configuration file are stored on the flash drive. Logs are enabled by default in many versions, but a majority of administrators have backup configured so downloading these files is easy,” Sood told. Researchers say the configuration and log files from the flash memory can be accessed remotely simply by knowing the targeted device’s IP address.
“Once the configuration file is accessed, all the details about the switch, including configuration, username, etc., can be obtained by the attacker. For example, the configuration can be uploaded on another switch (purchased from the market) to obtain the details. Log files reveal information about the clients that accessed the switch and other infrastructure-related information,” Sood told. “Compromising network switches can have disastrous consequences as the attacker can control the traffic flow.”
Sood says the flaw was reported to D-Link on October 7, but the company has yet to release a fix for it. The researchers disclosed their findings recently at the ToorCon security conference, but exploit details have not been made public to give the vendor time to address the issue.